2010 estimate: 85,237,338
2007 census : 73,918,505
Area : 1,119,683 sq km
Density 79/km2
divided into 9 subcountries

Average annual income: $110
Population below poverty line ($0.50 per day): 50%
Life expectancy: 41 years (US 76 years)
Literacy rate: 42.7%
Completed primary school: 2.6%


1 medical doctor per 100,000 people
practice female genital mutilation
Child mortality: 123 per 1,000
Births per female: 5.4


Number of cell phones: 410,600
Number of television stations: 1


Official language is Amharic. It is the second most spoken Semitic language after Arabic.


80 different ethnic groups each have their own language
It is an old country: culture and traditions date back 3000 years!
Land of origin for first human beings
Ethiopia was said to be one of the first places where upright, walking humanoids lived.

Religion and Roles

It is arguable that rastafariaism has its roots in ethiopia. As they worship their former emperor Haile Salasie
Ethopia has an Ethopian Orthodox Church which operates as its own entity
Christianity: 62.8%
Islam: 33.9%
Traditional: 2.6%
Ethiopians celebrate a Christmas called "Ganna" on January 7th

Societal roles and cultural norms are very traditional between men and women.
Men are responsible for providing for the family while women are usually homemakers.


When you take taxi, bargain before you get on it!
Bus --tours > many take it
Have differculity developing their railways due to their geograhpical location and terrain. But government have plans to upgrade their railroad transportation to help the country develop.

Ports and Habours

None. Ethiopia is landlocked and was by agreement with Eritrea using the ports of Asseb and Massawa; since the Eritrean-Ethiopian War, Ethiopia has used the port of Djibouti for nearly all of its imports. Only one river, the Baro is used for transport.


There were an estimated 84 airports in 2005, only 14 of which had paved runways as of 2005. The Addis Ababa airport handles international jet transportation. Before the civil war, the national carrier, Ethiopian Airlines, flew to numerous African, Asian, and European cities, and had sole rights on domestic air traffic. In 2003, about 1.147 million passengers were carried on domestic and international flights.

Airports - with paved runways
total: 14
over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2003 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 68
over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 13
914 to 1,523 m: 27
under 914 m: 23 (2003 est.)

Other Facts

the ethiopian alphabeat consists of 33 letters each with 7 characters; has its own alphabet and numbers
ethiopia uses the julian calender

It has savanah grasslands with zebras
less that 500 ethiopian wolves left

Favourite sports: athletics and football
there are modern buildings in Addis Ababa

Visitors are advised to avoid Tigray and Afar regions at present.


GDP per person: $390
Currency: Br
Close economical ties with China. Interested in getting their raw materials
Trade Parners include the United States, Italy, Saudi Arabia
•Major export items: Coffee, Hides & Skins, Oil Seeds and Pulses , natural gum, live animals, tea etc
•GDP Makeup:
-Agriculture 45%
-Industry 11%
-Services 44%

Government and politics

Ethiopia works with a federal country governing system where the prime minister is head of the country and decisions are made by two debating groups in what is called the freedom house.

Historical Sites

Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela
The Blue Nile Falls (also called Tissisat) are one of the most spectacular waterfalls in Northern Africa.


consists of various vegetable or meat side dishes and entrées, usually a wat, or thick stew, served atop injera, a large sourdough flatbread made of teff flour. One does not eat with utensils, but instead uses injera to scoop up the entrées and side dishes.
NO pork or shellfish


tropical, monsoon